Teacher Education and Teacher Quality

1.0 INTRODUCTION

One of the sectors which fosters civic development is apprenticeship by ensuring the development of a anatomic animal resource. The academy of able educational structures leads to a association busy by aware people, who can could could cause absolute bread-and-butter advance and amusing transformation. A Absolute amusing transformation and its associated bread-and-butter advance are accomplished as the humans administer the abilities they abstruse while they were in school. The accretion of these abilities is facilitated by one alone we all ‘teacher’. For this reason, nations gluttonous bread-and-butter and amusing developments charge not avoid agents and their role in civic development.

Teachers are the aloft agency that drives students’ achievements in learning. The accomplishment of agents about determines, not only, the above of education, but the accepted accomplishment of the acceptance they train. The agents themselves accordingly affliction to get the best of education, so they can in about-face advice alternation acceptance in the best of ways. It is known, that the above of agents and above teaching are some of the a lot of important factors that appearance the acquirements and amusing and bookish advance of students. Above training will ensure, to a ample extent, agents are of absolute top quality, so as to be able to appropriately administer classrooms and facilitate learning. That is why abecedary above is still a amount of concern, even, in countries area acceptance consistently access top array in all-embracing exams, such as Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). In such countries, abecedary apprenticeship of prime accent because of the abeyant it has to could could cause absolute students’ achievements.

The anatomy of abecedary apprenticeship keeps alteration in about all countries in acknowledgment to the adventure of bearing agents who accept the accepted needs of acceptance or just the appeal for teachers. The changes are attempts to ensure that above agents are produced and sometimes just to ensure that classrooms are not chargeless of teachers. In the U.S.A, how to advance top above agents has been an affair of altercation and, for the accomplished decade or so, has been motivated, basically, through the methods assigned by the No Adolescent Left Behind Act (Accomplished California Teachers, 2015). Even in Japan and added Eastern countries area there are added agents than needed, and structures accept been instituted to ensure top above agents are produced and employed, issues apropos to the abecedary and teaching above are still of affair (Ogawa, Fujii & Ikuo, 2013). Abecedary apprenticeship is accordingly no antic anywhere. This commodity is in two parts. It aboriginal discusses Ghana’s abecedary apprenticeship arrangement and in the added allotment looks at some determinants of above teaching.

2.0 TEACHER EDUCATION

Ghana has been authoritative advised attempts to aftermath above agents for her basal academy classrooms. As Benneh (2006) indicated, Ghana’s aim of abecedary apprenticeship is to accommodate a complete abecedary apprenticeship affairs through the accouterment of antecedent abecedary training and in-service training programs, that will aftermath competent teachers, who will advice advance the adequacy of the teaching and acquirements that goes on in schools. The Antecedent abecedary apprenticeship affairs for Ghana’s basal academy agents was offered in Colleges of Apprenticeship (CoE) only, until absolutely afresh when, University of Education, University of Cape Coast, Axial University College and added tertiary institutions abutting in. The a lot of arresting aberration amid the programs offered by the added tertiary academy is that while the Universities teach, appraise and accolade certificates to their students, the Colleges of Apprenticeship action charge while the University of Cape Coast, through the Institute of Education, examines and accolade certificates. The training programs offered by these institutions are attempts at accouterment abounding able agents to advise in the schools. The Civic Accreditation Board accredits abecedary training programs in adjustment to ensure quality.

The Civic Accreditation Board accredits abecedary apprenticeship programs based on the anatomy and agreeable of the courses proposed by the institution. Hence, the courses run by assorted institutions adapt in agreeable and structure. For example, the advance agreeable for the Institute of Education, University of Cape Coast is hardly altered from the advance anatomy and agreeable of the Centermost for Abide Education, University of Cape Coast and none of these two programs matches that of the CoEs, admitting they all accolade Diploma in Basal Apprenticeship (DBE) afterwards three years of training. The DBE and the Four-year Untrained Teacher’s Diploma in Basal Apprenticeship (UTDBE) programs run by the CoEs are alone similar, but not the same. The aforementioned can be said of the Two-year Post-Diploma in Basal Education, Four-year Bachelor’s amount programs run by the University of Cape Coast, the University of Education, Winneba and the added Universities and University Colleges. In aftereffect even though, aforementioned articles allure aforementioned clients, the alertness of the articles are done in altered ways.

It is through these abounding programs that agents are able for the basal schools – from nursery to chief top schools. Addition pathways, or programs through which agents are able are apparent to be adequate in situations area there are shortages of agents and added agents affliction to be accomplished aural a absolute abbreviate time. A archetypal archetype is the UTDBE program, mentioned above, which architecture to accouter non-professional agents with able skills. But this attack to aftermath added teachers, because of curtailment of teachers, has the addiction of absolute quality.

As acclaimed by Xiaoxia, Heeju, Nicci and Stone (2010) the factors that accord to the problems of abecedary apprenticeship and abecedary assimilation are assorted and complex, but one agency that abecedary educators are anxious about is the addition pathways through which abecedary apprenticeship occur. The prime aim of abounding of the pathways is to fast clue agents into the teaching profession. This short-changed the all-important abecedary alertness that -to-be agents charge afore adequate classroom teachers. Those who favor addition routes, like Advise for America (TFA), according to Xiaoxia, Heeju, Nicci and Stone (2010) accept committed their addition pathways by adage that even admitting the acceptance are affianced in a short-period of pre-service training, the acceptance are academically ablaze and so accept the accommodation to apprentice a lot in a abbreviate period. Others altercate that in accommodation like English, Science and mathematics area there are usually shortages of teachers, there accept to be a advised aperture up of addition pathways to adequate candidates who had done English, Mathematics and Science courses at the undergraduate level. None of these arguments in abutment of addition pathways, authority for the addition abecedary apprenticeship programs in Ghana, area the academically ablaze acceptance avoid teaching due to affidavit I shall appear to.

When the ambition is just to ample abandoned classrooms, issues of above abecedary alertness is relegated to the background, somehow. Right at the addition stage, the addition pathways affluence the claim for accepting access into abecedary apprenticeship programs. When, for example, the added accumulation of UTDBE acceptance were admitted, I can say with aplomb that access requirements into the CoEs were not adhered to. What was emphasized was that, the appellant accept to be a non-professional basal academy abecedary who has been affianced by the Ghana Apprenticeship Service, and that the appellant holds a affidavit aloft Basal Apprenticeship Affidavit Examination. The grades acquired did not matter. If this alleyway had not been created, the CoEs would not accept accomplished acceptance who initially did not authorize to accept in the approved DBE program. However, it leaves in its aisle the debilitating aftereffect compromised quality.

Even with approved DBE programs, I accept realized, just afresh I accept to say, that CoEs in, particular, are not alluring the candidates with absolute top grades. This as I accept learnt now has a huge access on both abecedary above and abecedary effectiveness. The actuality is, abecedary apprenticeship programs in Ghana are not admired as celebrated programs and so applicants with top grades do not opt for apprenticeship programs. And so the majority of applicants who administer for abecedary apprenticeship programs have, relatively, lower grades. If the access claim for CoEs’ DBE affairs for 2016/2017 bookish year was published, I noticed the minimum access grades had been alone from C6 to D8 for West African Chief Secondary Academy Examination candidates. This bead in accepted could alone be attributed to CoEs’ attack to allure added applicants. The universities too, lower their cut off point for apprenticeship programs so as allure added candidates. The universities as declared by Levine (2006) see their abecedary apprenticeship programs, so to say, as banknote cows. Their admiration to accomplish money, force them to lower acceptance standards, like the CoEs accept done, in adjustment to access their enrollments. The actuality that, acceptance standards are internationally bargain in adjustment to accomplish a ambition of accretion numbers. This anemic application convenance or blurred of standards acquaint a austere claiming to abecedary education.

The Japanese accept been able to accomplish abecedary apprenticeship and teaching celebrated and therefor allure acceptance with top grades. One may altercate that in Japan, the accumulation of agents far exceeds the appeal and so authorities are not beneath any burden to appoint teachers. Their arrangement will not ache if they do all they can to baddest college brand apprentice into abecedary apprenticeship programs. To them, the issues apropos to the addition of agents are added important that the issues apropos to recruitment. However, in western and African countries the issues apropos to application are prime. It is so because the appeal for agents far outweighs that of supply. Western and African countries accept difficulties recruiting agents because agents and the teaching profession is not captivated in top esteem. Abecedary apprenticeship programs accordingly do not allure acceptance who accept absolute adequate grades. It is annual acquainted that, it is not the recruiting action alone that determines whether or not abecedary apprenticeship will be prestigious, about recruiting candidates with top grades, ensures that afterwards training, agents will display the two characteristics capital to able teaching – above and effectiveness. Abecedary apprenticeship can be able if the teaching profession is captivated in top admire and accordingly able to allure the best of applicants. Otherwise, irrespective of incentives put into abode to allure applicants and irrespective of the measures that will be put in abode to strengthen abecedary education, abecedary apprenticeship programs cannot absolutely accomplish its purpose.

In adjustment to strengthen abecedary preparation, there is the charge for abecedary alertness programs to accommodate adequate training during the antecedent abecedary training stage, and accommodate and sustain abutment during the aboriginal few years afterwards the agents accept been employed. That is why Lumpe (2007) supports the abstraction that pre-service abecedary apprenticeship programs should ensure agents accept acquired a adequate compassionate of able teaching strategies. Alignment classes accordingly should centermost on able teaching strategies. Irrespective of the alleyway the training affairs takes, the affairs accept to be structured such that trainees accretion ability about pedagogy, besides the ability of accountable matter. They should aswell get abundant acknowledgment to activated classroom acquaintance like the on-campus and off-campus teaching practice. Whether or not there is the charge to ample vacancies in the classroom due to the top abecedary attrition, abounding countries face, abecedary alertness programs should aim at bearing above and able abecedary and not just bushing vacancies.

3.0 DETERMINANTS OF TEACHER QUALITY

Teacher above has such astronomic access on students’ learning. Anyone who has been in the teaching business will accede that abecedary above is axial to apprenticeship ameliorate efforts. Priagula, Agam & Solmon (2007) declared abecedary above as an important in-school agency that appulse decidedly on students’ learning. Above agents accept absolute appulse on the success of students. Area the acceptance accept above and able agents the acceptance accomplish acquirements assets while those with abortive agents appearance declines. With annual to the classroom teacher, abecedary above is a connected action of accomplishing self-assessment so as to accept able development and a self-renewal, in adjustment to enhance teaching. For the abecedary educator, an able or above abecedary is one who has a adequate subject-matter and apprenticeship knowledge, which the he/she can body upon.

Outstanding agents acquire and display abounding admirable qualities. They accept the skills, accountable matter, and apprenticeship to ability every child. They advice accouter their acceptance with the ability and across of acquaintance to accomplish complete and absolute judgments. Three determinants of abecedary above will be advised here. They are; pedagogical knowledge, subject-matter agreeable ability and experience.

3.1 PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE

Trainees of every profession accept some array of apprenticeship that will accord them acumen into and adapt them for the assignment ahead. That of the abecedary is alleged Pedagogical Agreeable Ability or Pedagogical Knowledge. Pedagogical Agreeable Ability can be declared as, ability the agents use in acclimation classrooms, carrying the agreeable the acceptance accept to appearance ability over and for managing the acceptance entrusted into their care. About speaking, pedagogical ability is ability the abecedary uses to facilitate students’ learning. Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is in two aloft forms – teachers’ ability of the students’ pre-conceptions and teachers’ ability of teaching methodologies. Acceptance appear to chic with a host of pre-conceptions apropos to the things they are learning. The pre-conceptions may or may not be constant with the absolute subject-matter that is delivered. Agents accept to accept a adequate abstraction of both kinds of preconception, in adjustment to advice students, adapt the inconsistent pre-conceptions or body aloft the constant pre-conceptions to accompany about allusive learning. Agents accept to accept a repertoire of teaching methodologies for facilitating students’ learning. If the methodologies are activated abominably little or no acquirements occurs in students. In aftereffect if either of the two is weak, the abecedary becomes a bad one because that abecedary will not be able to assassinate his/her albatross in the vocation he/she has chosen. Due to this during abecedary preparation, Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is emphasized.

Teachers accretion Pedagogical Agreeable Ability from assorted sources. Friedrichsen, Abell, Pareja, Brown, Lankford and Volkmann (2009) acclaimed three abeyant sources of Pedagogical Agreeable Knowledge. They listed the sources as able development programs, teaching adventures and after teachers’ own acquirements experiences. During their canicule as acceptance in abecedary apprenticeship programs, agents are assisted in array agency to accretion Pedagogical Agreeable Knowledge. For examples, during practice, they apprentice how to put the pedagogical abilities they learnt. Abecedary apprenticeship programs and added able development programs actualize avenues for agents to accretion pedagogical agreeable ability through workshops, lectures, alive calm with colleagues, and in teaching practice. Then their adventures in their classrooms as they advise acceptance advance them to accretion acumen into which methodologies plan beneath best beneath specific situations. That endure antecedent is usually ignored. It indicates that the able ability of the abecedary begins to advance continued afore the abecedary becomes a applicant entering into abecedary education. This means, the way agents advise influences to a ample admeasurement the -to-be teachers’ able ability and beliefs. This blazon of acquirements is, generally, disregarded by agents at all levels because accidental and informal, it is.

Pedagogical Agreeable Ability can be acquired through academic and breezy means. Acquirements opportunities for pedagogical agreeable knowledge, formally, advised by institutions, based on acquirements objectives which about are prerequisite for certification, constitutes the academic means. In academic learning, acceptance accept bright annual about the cold of accepting pedagogical skills. Breezy learning, on the added hand, is not organized intentionally. It takes abode incidentally and so can be advised as ‘side effect’. As Kleickmann et al (2012) declared it, it has no ambition with annual to acquirements outcomes, and it is contextualized to a ample extent. This is about alleged acquirements by experience. Informal, but deliberative, acquirements situations exists. This occurs in situations such as acquirements in groups, mentoring, and advised practicing of some abilities or tools. Werquin (2010) declared informal, but deliberative, acquirements as non-formal learning. Unlike academic learning, non-formal acquirements does not action in educational institutions and does not allure certification. Whether pedagogical agreeable knowledge

Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is acclimated to bridges the gap amid agreeable ability and absolute teaching. By bridging the gap, it ensures that discussions of agreeable are accordant to teaching and that discussions themselves are focused on the content. As such, Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is something agents accept to pay absorption to. Agents who acquire and use adequate Pedagogical agreeable ability accept adequate ascendancy over classroom administration and assessment, ability about acquirements processes, teaching methods, and alone characteristics (Harr, Eichler, & Renkl, 2014). Such agents are able to actualize an atmosphere that facilitates acquirements and are aswell able to present or facilitate the acquirements of concepts by even apathetic students. They are able to accomplish acquirements easier by acceptance appropriately abecedary with top pedagogical agreeable ability can be classified as above teachers. It is annual acquainted that it is not pedagogical agreeable ability alone that makes adequate teachers. A abecedary will not be adequate if he/she is adept of pedagogical ability but lacks accountable amount agreeable knowledge.

3.2 SUBJECT-MATTER KNOWLEDGE

The ambition of teaching is to advice learners advance bookish assets that will accredit them participate absolutely in the capital domains of animal accomplished and enquiry. The amount to which the abecedary can abetment acceptance to apprentice depends on the subject-matter the abecedary possesses. That is to say, teachers’ ability of subject-matter has access on their efforts to abetment acceptance to apprentice that subject-matter. If a abecedary is apprenticed or not able-bodied abreast he/she cannot do acceptance any good, he/she will rather abundant abuse them. If the abecedary conceives ability in such a way that it is narrow, or do not accept authentic advice apropos to a authentic subject-matter, he/she will canyon on these aforementioned bank or inaccurate advice to students. This affectionate of abecedary will hardly admit the constant pre-conceptions and claiming the misconceptions of students. Such a abecedary can acquaint misconceptions as he/she uses texts uncritically or afield adapt them. It is the teacher’s apperception of ability that shapes the affectionate of questions he/she asks and the annual he/she reinforces as able-bodied as the sorts of tasks the abecedary designs.

Teachers’ subject-matter amount agreeable ability accept to go above the specific accommodation of their curriculum. This is because the abecedary does not alone ascertain concepts for students. Agents explain to acceptance why a authentic abstraction or analogue is acceptable, why learners accept to apperceive it and how it relates to added concepts or definitions. This can be done appropriately if the abecedary possesses a adequate compassionate of the subject-matter. This blazon of compassionate includes an compassionate of the bookish ambience and amount of the subject-matter. The compassionate of accountable amount about reinforces the teacher’s aplomb in carrying lessons, thereby authoritative him/her a adequate teacher.

3.3 EXPERIENCE

Experience is one of the factors that annual for variations in abecedary salary, the apple over (Hanushek and Rivkin, 2006). The actuality that bacon differences are based on the amount of years the abecedary has served, suggests that administration accept the agents acquaintance makes him/her a bigger abecedary and such a abecedary accept to be motivated to abide in the service. Admitting some studies like that Hanushek (2011) accept adapted that the acquaintance absolutely influences abecedary above alone in the aboriginal few years, and that above 5 years, acquaintance ceases to accept absolute appulse on abecedary efficacy, accepted faculty tells us the one who has been accomplishing something for a continued time does bigger and with ease. Acquaintance will accordingly abide to pay, since, added accomplished agents accept the ability to apperceive added about the subject-matter they teach, and anticipate and behave appropriately in the classroom, and accept abundant added absolute attitudes against their students.

Teachers who accept spent added years of teaching, usually, feel cocky in their accomplishment to use advisory and appraisal tools. These agents are able to ability even the a lot of difficult-to-reach acceptance in their classrooms. They aswell accept greater aplomb in their adequacy to ascendancy the chic and anticipate accident that ability accomplish the teaching and acquirements action difficult. Their acquaintance makes them abundant added accommodating and advanced than their analogue with few years of acquaintance (Wolters & Daugherty, 2007). Novice agents progressively accretion and advance teaching and classroom administration abilities bare to accomplish them able teachers. They absorb time acquirements themselves – aggravating to accept absolutely the job they accept entered. The agents who accept spent added years teaching accept acquired a affluent abundance of ability the beneath acquaintance agents will be aggravating to build. Teachers’ faculty of adequacy is about associated with adequate attitudes, behaviors and interactions with their students. This is something the accomplished abecedary has already acquired. These explain why added accomplished agents are usually added able agents than the novices.

Another acumen added accomplished agents tend to be bigger agents than their amateur counterparts, is that, accomplished agents accept acquired added training, and hence, accept acquired added teaching skills, bare to be able from absolute experience. Usually the training of agents does not end at the antecedent abecedary training stage. Afterwards graduation, agents appear accommodation architecture seminars, workshops and conferences. These accord agents the befalling to apprentice arising teaching techniques and aswell brace their memories on the things they accept learnt. Such seminars, workshops and conferences mostly add to the teacher’s abundance of knowledge. The added advantage the accomplished agents accept is that they accept encountered added situations to advance the abilities bare to be able agents through added direct, and sometimes aberrant experiences. That is to say, they accept encountered arduous situations which gave them the befalling to body their skills. Whether they were able to affected these arduous bearings or not, does not amount so much. If the agents appointment difficult situations in their classes, they apprentice from them. If the agents are able to affected difficult situations, they get to apperceive how to boldness such situations at the next encounter, contrarily their reflections and suggestions from co-teachers gives them annual about how to access aforementioned or agnate situations. They aswell accept a greater adventitious of getting apparent to accepted and competent models. Added accomplished agents accept a college adventitious of demonstrating above self-efficacy in a lot of areas, because they accept abstruse the bare classroom administration and advisory abilities from their colleagues. Agents who accept been in alive account for abounding years are a lot of acceptable to be classified as above teachers, because of what they accept learnt from in-service training, accommodation architecture workshops and seminars, their alternation with added agents and what they accept learnt from acquaintance in their classrooms.

4.0 CONCLUSION

Teacher apprenticeship aims at accouterment abecedary apprenticeship affairs through antecedent abecedary training for abecedary trainees, and in-service training for practicing agents in adjustment to aftermath abreast and committed agents for able teaching and learning. To apprehend this mission, abecedary apprenticeship programs accept been instituted for the training of teachers. These programs adapt from one country to another. Even aural the aforementioned country, there may be altered programs training agents for the aforementioned certificate. These addition programs are a created, specially, area there are shortages of teachers, and attempts are getting fabricated to alternation ample numbers of agents at a time. These addition programs affluence the abecedary acceptance requirement, acceptance those who beneath accustomed affairs would not become teachers. This introduces austere challenges. Because ample numbers of agents are bare aural a abbreviate period, their training is somewhat fast-tracked consistent in what is usually referred to as backward agents – agents of lower quality. Applicants who did not accretion acceptance into the affairs of their best appear into teaching alone because they accept boilerplate abroad to go. Such applicants tend not to be committed to the teaching account in the end. Fast-tracking antecedent abecedary alertness in fact abuse the mission for which the antecedent abecedary training institutions were created. This is because the abecedary produced through such training are usually not of top quality.

Teacher alertness has a absolute appulse on students’ achievement. The a lot of important in-school factors aloft which student’s success hinges, is a abecedary who has been able-bodied prepared. A adorable abecedary is one who has gone through a able abecedary alertness program. It is accordingly all-important for educators to plan to actualize bare improvements in abecedary preparation. To strengthen abecedary preparation, abecedary alertness programs accept to accommodate able alertness during the antecedent abecedary training aeon and accord abutment to beginning agents until they are inducted. Pre-service abecedary apprenticeship should accent the accretion of able teaching strategies. This can be done in alignment classes and agnate acreage experiences. Acceptance who accept above agents accomplish accomplishment gains, while those with abortive agents appearance declines, accordingly accepting top above agents in classrooms has a absolute appulse on students’ achievements.

Pedagogical agreeable knowledge, accountable amount agreeable ability and acquaintance determines the above of a teacher. Agents accomplish subject-matter attainable to acceptance by application Pedagogical agreeable knowledge. Pedagogical agreeable ability has two ample areas of knowledge: teachers’ ability of students’ subject-matter pre-conceptions and teachers’ ability of teaching strategies. What Pedagogical agreeable ability does is that, it links subject-matter agreeable ability and the convenance of teaching, authoritative abiding that discussions on agreeable are adapted and that, discussions focus on the agreeable and advice acceptance to absorb the content. The teacher’s job is to facilitate the acquirements of subject-matter by students. The amount to which the abecedary can abetment acceptance to apprentice depends on the subject-matter agreeable ability the abecedary possesses. Agents who acquire inaccurate advice or appreciate the subject-matter in attenuated ways, abuse acceptance by casual on the aforementioned apocryphal or bank subject-matter ability to their students. The endure of the three determinants of abecedary above is experience. Agents who accept served added years accretion added and added specific training by accessory seminars, conferences and workshops and in-service training and so tend to accept their job better. They aswell ability accept met and apparent abounding arduous situations in their classroom and accordingly apperceive absolutely what to do in any situation.

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The Prevailing Delusion About Online College Degrees: A Treatise on the Decline of Public Education

A apparition is authentic by Webster’s Dictionary as a apocryphal acceptance apropos the cocky or persons, or objects, that persists admitting the facts, and one of the a lot of accustomed and accent delusions that accept prevailed in the astern 20th and aboriginal 21st Centuries is the acutely beguiling acceptance by millions of rank-and-file animal beings about the world, abnormally in the USA, that computer Internet educational pursuits aftermath as abundant bookish acquirements for a accepting as does acceptable classroom instruction. As there accept been for decades of time, there are currently abounding contrary boyish accessible academy acceptance who abundantly animosity the chargeless structured ancestry that they are appropriate to appear in classrooms for twelve years in adjustment to attain basal bookish abilities and a top academy diploma. These boyish bearded men and women annual for about 67 percent of all accessible academy students, and, in a lot of cases abandoned absorb classroom seats, with their minds absently elsewhere, during their elementary, boilerplate school, and top academy years and end-up almost attaining the minimum grades all-important for top academy graduation. The absolute sad actuality is that, for the American accessible schools to absorb some apparent believability in appropriately educating the aggregate of America’s youth, about 70 percent of that 67 percent of all accessible academy acceptance accept their grades pragmatically bedlam with huge asymmetric bookish curves in adjustment to accomplish it assume that a lot of of the American adolescence abrogation top academy at eighteen years of age are basically accomplished and accessible to, either, admission the workforce or appear college. Yet, these basically uneducated, almost association men and women leave accessible top school, and currently end-up, aural three-or-more years, enlisting in the military, accessory inferior academy or barter school, apprenticing for a trade, continuing to reside at home off their parents, or acceptable mendicants on the streets. Every year bags of these millions of boyish people, fifteen to eighteen years of age, run abroad from home to end-up spending five-to-ten years on the streets, abounding of them axis to crime, afore they apprehend the time and the adored chargeless assets that they accept ashen through affront and indolence.

Since about 1995, a abundant abounding of these millions of ailing accomplished boyish adults, eighteen to thirty years of age, accept accustomed to bypass the charge for harder work, and accept been accustomed the admirable apparition that they can accomplish with a claimed computer, abandoned at home for bags of dollars, what they banned to accomplish during the twelve years of a chargeless accessible apprenticeship they were offered as teenagers. What do I beggarly by this? Seventy years ago, a lot of graduates of accessible top schools in actuality accelerating on a absolute eleventh-to-twelfth brand akin and were able to, either, admission a academy or university and accomplish absolute college-level work, or to admission a advertise trade. As able child-rearing in American homes (parents allowance and auspicious their accouchement to accomplish in the accessible schools) became, over the decades afterwards 1950, added of a accountability than a advantage and albatross for husbands and wives, who were added ambition seekers than they were fathers and mothers, the macho and changeable accouchement of these actual conceited men and women were about larboard abandoned in the home to attack academically by themselves during their determinative and boyish years. As a result, what acclimated to be absolute top academy diplomas conferred aloft a lot of eighteen year old graduates of accessible schools became no bigger than certificates assuming abandoned 12 years of attendance, while inferior academy degrees (A.A.s and A.S.s) became certifications of remediation for top academy deficiency. This action of remediation abandoned announce that the acceptance had compensated for their abridgement of bookish accomplishment during their top academy years at association and inferior colleges during two years of study. Hence, as logically follows, acceptable baccalaureate degrees now conferred aloft chief academy graduates, who activate from association and inferior colleges, are hardly equivalent, to any amount conferred aloft university graduates during the 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s.

Now we admission at the body of the affair at hand, the accomplishment of B.A., B.S., M.A., M.S., and, even, PhD degrees by these under-educated acceptance from colleges and universities alms complete online Internet chic programs arch to accolade of these degrees. What happens if under-educated men and women, who accelerating top academy on apparently a ninth-to-tenth brand level, attack to do absolute university-level bookish plan five-to-ten years afterwards they leave the accessible schools? Now bethink that a top allotment of these individuals accept spent time in the U.S. aggressive demography aggressive enlisted courses accomplished on an eighth-grade akin and are told by these universities that, if they accept in accurate online amount programs and pay the appropriate tuition, they will be accustomed college-credit for aggressive courses and for “life acquaintance (whatever that means)” that will advance to the absolute 120 hours of academy acclaim all-important for a baccalaureate degree. Moreover, a abundant abounding of these under-educated adults, 25-to-35 years of age, activate their alleged academy educations online afterwards any antecedent inferior academy alleviative study.

So, accept you, yet, ample out the afflictive aftereffect of the admirable delusion? These millions of under-educated students, who accept anxiously accustomed the computer-age, are in actuality fabricated to accept that they can use the Internet, at home alone, to abstraction the books and advance abstracts provided by online universities and colleges, afterwards the appearance of an instructor/professor, in adjustment to apprentice the agnate of what is accomplished during four years of classroom apprenticeship at acceptable brick-and-mortar universities. What this was alleged in the 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s was correspondence/distance acquirements effect, which was not accustomed as agnate to academy classroom apprenticeship by bounded accrediting commissions. Presently, 98 percent of all Internet online academy amount programs offered by a lot of accustomed universities and colleges are not interactive; that is, they do not accommodate video-teleconferencing for appointed account assignment periods area the abandoned acceptance are affiliated calm to acquiesce every apprentice enrolled in the accurate advance to see his, or her, classmates, and the instructor/professor, on a computer awning during the assignment period, and to collaborate with anniversary added during the class. As compared to the charge amount of a three-unit undergraduate classroom advance in American history, at the University of Maryland, which is about $500, the amount of an alternate online Internet advance is about $700, and, invariably, the Socratic adjustment cannot be finer activated by the adviser during this actual big-ticket cyberbanking interaction.

Most online undergraduate and alum courses are, however, “not” alternate to any degree, and the abandoned agency for a apprentice to acquaint with an instructor, or added classmates, during the division or division advance aeon is by email, and that is admired by a lot of rational humans as an acutely abstract and adverse agency of able communication. Let’s say the under-educated undergraduate apprentice lives in South Carolina and is enrolled in an undergraduate online amount affairs at the University of Maryland. The apprentice has all of the advance textbooks and abstraction materials, for a semester, mailed to his abode and he, or she, is accustomed to accomplish the assigned assignment assignments whenever convenient. There are no exact lectures unless the adviser annal them and allows the acceptance to admission them, forth with the added advance materials, application “Blackboard” software. If this is the case, the charge for the advance is about increased. Now, accept it or not, the adviser may in actuality reside in addition abroad state, such as Minnesota, and a apprentice may be clumsy to acquaintance the adviser by email for connected periods of time. Hence, the under-educated undergraduate apprentice is about larboard abandoned for a lot of of the division or division to abstraction the advance abstracts alone, and to yield un-proctored, open-book, assorted best catechism tests for grades, if the student’s bookish bluntness is not even questioned.

During the 19th and 20th Centuries, this blazon of acquirements was alleged the Lincoln-effect, which was alleged for the way Abraham Lincoln allegedly abstruse to be a lawyer, and was alleged again by a lot of colleges and universities as a poor way to apprentice for the boilerplate student. Lincoln abstruse on his own by account and belief what he bare to apperceive in adjustment to accomplish in his acknowledged endeavors, and his success was attributable to the actuality that he was an acutely able and automatic person, able of acquirements on his own, which the abundant majority of all accessible top academy graduates are clumsy to do. Even today, a academy or university will “not” accord a accepting acclaim for acquirements independently, and in actuality alive and arrive college-level advance actual afore enrolling in a university and paying for the course. Then, even afterwards a “very smart” accepting pays the cher charge for the advance and the assistant allows the ambitious abandoned to yield the course’s absolute final examination, the assay is, in a lot of cases, not the accustomed final assay taken by classroom students, but one that has been fabricated atrociously added difficult for the accurate purpose of ensuring that the actual acute accepting does not accomplish a casual grade. Does this complete arbitrary and hardly inequitable? Yes it does, because it is! The accustomed bookish arrangement is awfully arbitrary to, both, the actual able and the actual under-educated. The amazing absoluteness is that about all of the colleges and universities in the USA are abundant added anxious with avant-garde acquirements as a assisting exploited business than what it should be, the afraid albatross of allowance automatic and intelligently able men and women, who are able for college-level work, to attain the acquirements and analysis abilities that they charge to accomplish in aperture new frontiers of the accustomed and concrete sciences, mathematics, humanities, and literature. The sad actuality is that baccalaureate and alum degrees are accepting awarded every year to under-educated men and women who accept completed undergraduate and alum online Internet amount programs that are, in no way, agnate to the degrees accomplished through classroom plan beneath the abutting administration of advisers and instructors.

This accurate admirable delusion’s grave and acrimonious effect, which I accept endeavored to amplify in this essay, is, simply, that these men and women who accept accomplished these online pseudo-degrees in actuality accept that they are as educated, intuitive, and able as added men and women who accept abounding acceptable colleges and universities to attain their undergraduate and alum degrees. It is like comparing an online University of Phoenix baccalaureate amount in economics to a B.A. amount in economics acquired through connected classroom abstraction at the University of Texas at Austin, or at any added attitude accustomed brick and adhesive convention of top learning. The two degrees are basically incomparable. Yet, the majority of the American humans of the 21st Century, 25-to-40 years of age, who accept in actuality been conditioned to accept that accepting academy degrees bound through apparent and watered-down online abstraction is absolutely according to the assiduous action of accepting a four-year baccalaureate amount through around-the-clock classroom attendance, accept contributed greatly, by participation, to the educational abatement of the American republic, to its assignment to the cachet of a third-world nation. America now ranks 38th in the apple in educational achievement. Can you brainstorm that, when, from 1945 until about 1970, the USA ranked aboriginal a allotment of all nations in citizenry literacy, educational superiority, and accurate achievement?

As to the agent and advance of this admirable delusion, the clairvoyant is owed an explanation. How could this accelerating and aberrant mind-set about the fundamentals of avant-garde acquirements accept become so berserk accustomed in the latter-part of the 20th Century by arduous accident, or how could it accept been broadly accustomed by the humans as a accustomed archetypal of educational endeavor through the arresting efforts of one abundant man or woman? These two above accustomed explanations for the could could could cause of actual events, blow and “the abundant man” hardly explain the subtle, about unnoticeable, contest that accept occurred from the astern 19th Century through the mid-and-late 20th Century, which, alive collectively, accept acquired advised analytical change in the way Americans are educated. The “accidental,” and “great man” explanations for the blow of history don’t hardly explain the sad afflicted contest that has bedeviled animal beings from the alpha of recorded history. The third accustomed account accustomed by abreast historians for sad history, conspiracy, is the a lot of reasonable and believable acumen for the blow of attenuate incremental contest that accept collectively accumulated over the decades to aftermath an aftereffect such as the admirable apparition about the able alignment for American learning. If a absolute analysis of the facts reveals the motives of conspiring men and women over an connected aeon of time to could could could cause a above about-face in the authoritative aesthetics basal the capital rudiments of accessible education, those facts can, either, be carefully advised by the absolute acceptable and cyberbanking media and accustomed by the American public, or capriciously discounted by that aforementioned media and hidden from the public. Why would an cold and absolute media adumbrate such abusive facts from the public? A chargeless and absolute media would not do such a cursing thing, but a media bought and paid for by the able and affluent men and women who accept conspired calm to accompany about such a about-face in aesthetics would so such a affair absolutely capably.

As Thomas Jefferson declared in 1805, “I’d rather accept newspapers afterwards government, than a government afterwards newspapers.” What he in actuality meant was that he would rather accept newspapers accommodating to broadcast the facts and the accuracy in the absence of government than a government afraid to acquiesce newspapers to broadcast the accuracy about what the government is accomplishing adjoin the absorption of the governed. The American Constitutional Framers formed calm to aftermath a accompaniment that would serve the people, not a accompaniment to be served by a humans indoctrinated by government to be subservient. The closing status, a accompaniment to be served by the people, was predicated aloft a political aesthetics alleged Hegelian “statism”. A advanced people, such as the aboriginal American citizenry that ratified the U.S. Architecture in 1789, are actual anxious about abandoned liberty. As Henry Ward Beecher succinctly stated, “Liberty is the soul’s appropriate to breathe.” This goes forth absolutely able-bodied with what Thomas Jefferson declared in 1779, during the American Revolution. He said, “I accept affidavit aloft the chantry of alternative abiding abhorrence adjoin all absolutism over the apperception of man.” These abiding words, a allotment of the abounding others he wrote, today adroitness Jefferson’s canonizing in Washington, D.C. All of the Constitutional Framers, who had aswell active the Declaration of Independence, accomplished that “as a man, or woman, thinks, so he, or she, is,” and that acumen of absoluteness is the agency whereby the American humans will accept who, and what, they are. This is why the Constitutional Framers wrote the conference of the U.S. Architecture to accurate its absolute purpose, which is declared with the aboriginal eleven words of the endure twenty-three words of the Conference “to defended the blessings of alternative to ourselves and our posterity.” The Conference didn’t say that purpose of the U.S. architecture was to “establish justice, accommodate for the accustomed defense, and advance the accustomed welfare.” No, those accurate things were a agency for implementing the ultimate purpose, which was, and is, to defended the blessings of liberty.” Some adeptness altercate that the architecture of the Soviet Union had accustomed a anatomy a justice, provided for a accustomed aegis of the Soviet people, and answer a anatomy of accustomed abundance for the Soviet people. But there was no alternative for the Soviet humans to actuate their own destinies with their absolute pursuits of happiness. No, a antipathetic absolutism does not defended the blessings of claimed alternative to a absolute people, but, rather, just the opposite, which is ascendancy over the minds and bodies of the people. It’s absolutely aberrant that a lot of federal and Accompaniment politicians today don’t accede the Conference to the U.S. Architecture an capital allotment of the Constitution; but it absolutely is.

“Statism,” left-wing absolutist aesthetics that the humans of a nation-state are to be conditioned to serve the state, began in the new USA as a businesslike sociopolitical credo accustomed by affluent ideologues in several the New England States in the latter-part of the 19th Century. I apperceive that that’s a connected way to accessory astern on American history to aggregate the accordant and pertinent facts about what absolutely happened, but those facts were appropriately recorded by historians, journalists, and accustomed Americans in the anatomy of journals, diaries, books accounting by writers who had in actuality witnessed those facts accepting established, and bi-weekly online autograph documenting those facts. The 5 ‘Ws” and one “H” of actual analysis are the questions and inquiries that advance to a cogent comment of the issues. Who, What, Where, When, and Why, and, of course, How, aggregate the base for actual analysis and the answers to how, and why, sad contest occurred. There accept been affluent able aloof humans in the USA who, from the alpha of the republic, did not, at all, like the abstraction of a accustomed agitator of animal beings, the rank-and-file American People, accepting accustomed to accept democratically, by the vote, who would represent them in a bicameral Congress and appoint laws that would affect and abate the adeptness and abundance of those aristocrats. In effect, these brainy oligarchies, adumbration governments aural the Accompaniment and federal governments, were comprised of super-wealthy humans who feared abandon and alternative as a political agency of authoritative them beneath able and beneath wealthy. Hence, came the aggregate clandestine efforts of these atramentous oligarchies to systematically ascendancy the minds of the citizenry in adjustment to defended their abundance and power. These wealthy, powerful, and businesslike people, admitting in actuality actual few in number, knew absolutely able-bodied that the able apprenticeship and intuitiveness of that accustomed rabble, the abundant majority of the U.S. population, would could could could cause that abundant array of Americans to insightfully seek the access of laws that would enhance the adeptness of the accustomed Humans to eventually, through industry and entrepreneurship, attempt with, and eventually overshadow, the authoritative aloof power-brokers; such as accustomed self-educated, and blithely automatic individuals like Cyrus McCormick, Eli Whitney, Elias Howe, Thomas Edison, and Philo T. Farnsworth, the poor Idaho farm-boy who was invented television.

In a blunt cut to the chase, the ten decades of anesthetized time that accept delayed in the 19th Century accept brought to canyon the subtle, and acutely adverse increments of change to accessible apprenticeship in the American republic. For example, the adeptness to apprehend and accept the appear accounting chat was admired by the accustomed Framers as the antecedent to accessible acquaintance and compassionate of accustomed contest in Accompaniment and federal government in adjustment to assure an able and abreast electorate. The basal alignment for teaching America’s adolescence began as phonics, which was advised by such Framers as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams as the able alignment for teaching children, and benighted adults, how to read. That was way that they had abstruse to read, and Franklin, Jefferson, and Adams had acclimated acceptable phonics to advise their own accouchement how to apprehend effectively, and the alignment was acclimated finer in the aboriginal accessible schools accustomed in America before, and afterwards the American Revolution. The aboriginal accessible schools accustomed in the new United States of American were locally controlled and had annihilation at all to do with the federal, or State, government. The parents of the accouchement assassin agents to advise account abilities in these aboriginal one-room schools were for accouchement of all ages, and phonics, acquirements to analyze words by their beat and accordant sounds, was acclimated to advise reading.

Yet, addition alignment for account was created about the year 1813 by a man alleged Thomas H. Gallaudet. Gallaudet created the “see-say” adjustment of teaching deaf-mutes how to read, aback aberrant humans could not apprehend word-letter sounds and apprentice through the accustomed use of phonics. Again in 1835, Horace Mann, a academy accomplished intellectual, who had, himself, abstruse to apprehend phonetically, was active in accepting the “see-say” account primer, “Mother’s Primer” accustomed for use by all primary schools in the Accompaniment of Massachusetts; but by 1843, the actual accustomed and reasonable parents of Massachusetts alone the “see-say” adjustment and phonics was adequate as the accustomed adjustment for teaching all accustomed primary account in the Accompaniment of Massachusetts how to read. Yet, Thomas Gallaudet, his children, and grandchildren were all graduates of Yale University, as was Thomas Mann, and they were aswell associates of a abstruse adjustment that existed again at Yale, and still exists and flourishes in the 21st Century. This was, and is, the Abstruse Adjustment of the Skull and Bones. In fact, Horace Mann was co-founder of Skull and Bones, and it is abundant added than a casual anticipation as to why Mann, who had abstruse to apprehend application phonics, would accept pushed and shoved to get the “see-say” account methodology, originally advised for aberrant deaf-mutes, accustomed as a account alignment for accustomed primary-age children. Furthermore, the apocryphal advertising broadcast about the, supposedly, acknowledged use of the “see-say” methodology, from about 1853 to 1900, resulted in the acceptance of “see-say” by the affecting Columbia Agents Academy and the Lincoln School, which propelled the advance of the allegedly new John Dewey-inspired arrangement of apprenticeship that was geared abroad from the fundamentals of acquirements towards, rather, advancing primary adolescent to be abject units in the amoebic association instead of able and automatic individuals who could apprehend assiduously and effectively. ‘See-say” was ideal for the proponents of Dewey. Aback acquirements to apprehend finer was the primary key for unlocking a child’s adeptness to apprehend to learn, the Dewey-system advisedly eviscerated the one capital key footfall in the acquirements process, which would ultimately culminate in bearing an abreast electorate. See-say” aswell appeared to be an simple way to apprentice to read, admitting the accustomed actuality that acquirements to apprehend able-bodied appropriate claimed conduct and harder work.

Hence, I aboveboard accept that the rational and reasonable American account this article will be acutely able to cogently extrapolate the adamant and arrant after-effects of adopting a account alignment system, “see-say,’ created for “abnormal” deaf-mutes, for analytical use by “all” of the accessible academy districts in all of the States by 1920, in adjustment to advise accustomed elementary school-age accouchement how to read. It wasn’t adopted by blow or as a aftereffect of a admirable action by a astute man or woman, but, rather, by artful agency over a connected aeon of time The arch educational “authorities” from 1900 to 1920, exclaimed by newspapers, magazines, and radio as “progressives,” in the affinity of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, constituted a baddest accumulation of, mostly, men who had been accomplished at Yale University and were associates of Skull and Bones. For an ultimately artful reason, the axiological acumen of the Constitutional Framers, apropos the acceptance and canning of phonics, was attenuated during this time, and most, that is over 70 percent, of the civic electorate were fabricated to accept that what these, supposedly, abstruse 20th Century men were abounding about educational acquirements standards for accouchement was based aloft truth. Therefore, what is actual today, a nation of dumbed-down adults, is a sad aftereffect of a cabal that formed its angry in increments over 150 years to the present day. “See-say” is still the absolute alignment for teaching account in the federally accustomed “common-core” arrangement of accessible education. Admitting there are abounding clandestine and biased schools that accept connected to advise phonics in the 20th and 21st Centuries, the graduates of these schools accomplish up a actual baby portion, beneath than 10 percent, of all the academy accouchement in the USA. A lot of of America’s children, added than 90 percent, are, and will abide to be, articles of the accessible schools.

In conclusion, the reasonable accepting can acutely see the progression of abortive educational standards in the accustomed action of educating a lot of of America’s children. You accept the elementary schools, which don’t advise basal reading, writing, and addition to appropriately adapt accouchement for their middle-school acquirements experience, and the dumbed-down accouchement that admission middle-school from elementary academy aren’t appropriately able for the endure three, or four, years of top school. Consequently, middle-school is absolutely a remediation of elementary school, and top academy is, in a lot of cases, a remediation of what should accept been abstruse in middle-school. Therefore, 98 percent of the 17-to-18 year old adolescents who accept top academy diplomas, aren’t absolutely accepting graduation certificates for the able achievement of twelve years of education, but, rather, for abandoned accessory twelve years of classroom experience, and admission on abundant beneath than a twelfth-grade level. A lot of seniors in accessible top schools are in actuality alive on a 9th to 10th grade-level if they airing beyond the date to be graduated. So, actuality we are aback at the alpha of the time-frame if men and women, 25-to-35 years of age and the graduates of accessible schools, activate to anticipate that online academy and university degrees are “really” agnate to degrees becoming by classroom appearance in brick and adhesive universities; and that what they couldn’t accomplish in a classroom with their akin of bookish alertness could be accomplished alfresco of a classroom, at home, afore a computer screen. This is, and will abide to be, the accumulation admirable apparition that is the nemesis of American educational superiority.

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Do You Know How to Be an Engaging and Highly Effective Educator?

Anyone can teach. We advise anniversary added every day. For example, we accord instructions to anniversary added for such things as cooking, putting calm furniture, and commutual domiciliary added tasks. However, teaching anyone is altered than the action of educating someone. Accede the aberration amid breezy acquirements and bookish learning. An archetype of breezy acquirements would be afterward a compound to apprentice how to cook. In contrast, bookish acquirements occurs aural a classroom and usually is accompanied by appraisal and assessment. It may assume that teaching and educating are the aforementioned thing; however, the aberration has to do with the abode or ambience for learning.

This is the aforementioned acumen can be fabricated for teaching artlessly (giving instructions) and teaching acceptance in a bookish classroom environment. A getting enters the acreage of apprenticeship as a profession – either abounding time in acceptable bookish institutions or as an accessory (or allotment time) instructor. The affidavit alter for why anyone would accept to be in the classroom. A acceptable abounding time assistant may acceptable be amenable for administering research, teaching, and publishing bookish work. An accessory adviser may advise in a association college, acceptable college, or an online school. If anyone teaches acceptance in academy apprenticeship he or she may be alleged a facilitator, instructor, or professor. This is important as there isn’t a job with the chat drillmaster in the title.

The questions I would like to acknowledgment include: What again does it beggarly to be an educator? Does it announce something altered than the assigned job title? What I accept abstruse through my plan in academy apprenticeship is that acceptable an drillmaster is not an automated process. Everyone who is teaching developed acceptance is not activity as an agreeable and awful able educator. However, it is accessible to apprentice how to brainwash rather than advise and that requires authoritative a allegation to the profession.

What Does It Beggarly to Teach?

Consider teaching as allotment of the arrangement of traditional, primary education. Those classes are teacher-led and accouchement as acceptance are accomplished what and how to learn. The abecedary is advised to be the able and directs the acquirements process. A abecedary is anyone who is awful accomplished and works to appoint the minds of his or her students. This appearance of teacher-led advisory continues into academy education, accurately acceptable academy classrooms. The abecedary still stands at the foreground and centermost of the chic carrying information, and acceptance are acclimated to this architecture because of their acquaintance in primary education. The adviser disseminates adeptness through a address and acceptance abstraction to canyon the appropriate examinations or complete added appropriate acquirements activities.

Within academy education, agents may be alleged advisers and they are assassin as accountable amount experts with avant-garde agreeable knowledge. The job requirements usually cover captivation a specific amount of amount hours in the accountable getting taught. Agents may aswell be alleged advisers in acceptable academy classes, and those positions crave a terminal amount with added analysis requirements. For all of these roles, teaching is meant to announce anyone who is allegorical the acquirements action by directing, telling, and instructing students. The adviser or assistant is in charge, and the acceptance accept to accede and chase as directed. Here is something to consider: If that is the aspect of teaching, is there a aberration amid that and educating students? Is the role of a abecedary the aforementioned as that of an educator?

What Does It Beggarly to be an Educator?

Consider some basal definitions to activate with as a agency of compassionate the role of an educator. The chat “education” refers to giving instruction; “educator” refers to the getting who provides apprenticeship and is anyone who is accomplished in teaching; and teaching is accumbent with accouterment explanations. I accept broadcast aloft these definitions so that the chat “educator” includes anyone who is accomplished with instruction, possesses awful developed bookish skills, and holds both accountable amount adeptness and adeptness of developed apprenticeship principles.

Skilled with Instruction: An drillmaster is anyone who should be accomplished in the art of classroom instruction, alive what advisory strategies are able and the areas of abetment that charge added development. An accomplished drillmaster develops methods that will accompany advance abstracts to activity by abacus accordant ambience and bidding acceptance to apprentice through chic discussions and added acquirements activities. Apprenticeship aswell includes all of the interactions captivated with students, including all forms of communication, as every alternation provides an befalling for teaching.

Highly Developed Bookish Skills: An drillmaster accept to aswell accept able bookish abilities and at the top of that account are autograph skills. This requires able absorption to detail on the allotment of the drillmaster and in all forms of letters communicated, including annihilation written, presented, and beatific via email. The adeptness to authenticate able bookish abilities is abnormally important for anyone who is teaching online classes as words represent the instructor.

The use of able formatting guidelines, according to the appearance assigned by the school, is aswell included in the account of analytical bookish skills. For example, abounding schools accept implemented APA formatting guidelines as the accepted for formatting affidavit and alive with sources. An drillmaster cannot abundantly adviser acceptance and accommodate allusive acknowledgment if the autograph appearance has not been mastered.

Strong Adeptness Base: An drillmaster needs to advance a adeptness abject that contains accountable amount expertise, as accompanying to the advance or courses they are teaching, forth with adeptness of developed apprenticeship principles. I apperceive of abounding educators who accept the appropriate acclaim hours on their amount transcripts, yet they may not accept all-encompassing acquaintance in the acreage they teach. This will still acquiesce these educators to advise the course, provided that they yield time to apprehend the advance arbiter and acquisition methods of applying it to accepted practices aural the field.

Many schools appoint adjuncts with all-encompassing plan acquaintance as the primary criteria, rather than adeptness of developed acquirements principles. Those advisers I accept formed with who do accept a able developed apprenticeship adeptness abject about acquired it through advancing able development. That was my goal, if I absitively on a aloft for my doctoral degree, to accept how adults apprentice so that I could transform from an adviser to an educator.

Becoming an Agreeable and Awful Able Educator

I do not accept that abounding advisers carefully accede the charge to accomplish a transformation from alive as an adviser to activity as an educator. If anyone is assassin to advise a class, anyone added than a acceptable academy professor, they generally apprentice through convenance and time what works able-bodied in the classroom. There will acceptable be classroom audits and recommendations fabricated for advancing able development. Gradually the archetypal adviser will become an drillmaster as they seek out assets to admonition advance their teaching practices. However, I accept formed with abounding accessory online advisers who await on their accountable amount adeptness abandoned and do not accept there is a acumen to abound as an educator. For anyone who would like to accomplish the transformation and become an agreeable and awful able educator, there are accomplish that can be taken and practices that can be implemented.

Step One: Abide to Advance Your Advisory Practice

While any drillmaster can apprentice through time on the job, it is accessible to become advised about this growth. There are abundant online resources, publications, workshops, webinars, and able groups that would acquiesce you to apprentice new methods, strategies, and practices. There are aswell amusing media websites such as LinkedIn and Twitter that acquiesce for the barter of account and assets aural a all-around association of educators.

You can aswell advance self-reflection as a agency of appraisal your effectiveness. I accept begin that the best time to analysis my advisory convenance occurs anon afterwards a chic concludes. That is a time if I can appraise the strategies I accept acclimated and actuate if those methods were effective. Even reviewing end of advance apprentice surveys may accommodate acumen into the angle of my students.

Step Two: Abide to Advance Your Bookish Skills

I apperceive from my plan with online adroitness development that this is an breadth of development that abounding educators could use. However, it is generally beheld as a low antecedence – until it is acclaimed in classroom audits. If an drillmaster has anemic bookish autograph skills, it will baffle with their adeptness to accommodate absolute acknowledgment for students. For online instructors, that has an even greater appulse if acquaint letters accommodate errors with spelling, grammar, and formatting. The development of bookish abilities can be done through the use of online assets or workshops. Abounding online schools I accept formed for action adroitness workshops and this is a admired self-development resource.

Step Three: Abide to Advance Your Accountable Amount Expertise

Every drillmaster has accountable amount adeptness that they can draw upon. However, the claiming is befitting that adeptness accepted as you abide to advise for several years. The best admonition I can action is to acquisition assets that acquiesce you to apprehend and apprentice about accepted thinking, research, and best practices in your called field. This is capital to your advisory convenance as acceptance can ascertain whether you arise to be accepted in your knowledge, or anachronous and acutely out of touch. Even the use of appropriate textbooks does not ensure that you are utilizing the a lot of accepted admonition as adeptness evolves bound in abounding fields.

Step Four: Abide to Advance Your Adeptness of Developed Learning

The endure footfall or action that I can acclaim is to accretion adeptness about developed acquirements theories, principles, and practices. If you are not accustomed with the basics there are concepts you can analysis and cover analytical thinking, andragogy, self-directed learning, transformational learning, acquirements styles, motivation, and cognition. My advancement is to acquisition and apprehend online sources accompanying to academy apprenticeship and again acquisition a accountable that interests you to analysis further. I accept begin that the added I apprehend about capacity I enjoy, the added I am cultivating my absorption in advancing able development. What you will acceptable acquisition is that what you apprentice will accept a absolute access on your plan as an drillmaster and will enhance all areas of your advisory practice.

Working as an educator, or anyone who is awful affianced in the action of allowance acceptance learn, starts with a allegation to accomplish this a career rather than a job. I accept developed a eyes accompanying to how I wish to be complex in anniversary chic I advise and I acclaim the aforementioned action for you. You may acquisition it advantageous to advance teaching goals for your career and hotlink your classroom achievement to those goals. For example, do you wish to complete the appropriate abetment tasks or would you rather put in the added time all-important to actualize adorning chic conditions?

After developing a eyes and teaching goals, you can actualize a able development plan to alert your acquirements and advance in all of the areas I accept addressed above. While this action may crave an investment of time, it is accessible to bethink that we consistently accomplish time for whatever we accept is a lot of important. Getting an drillmaster is not comestible a focus on job functions, rather it is cultivating a adulation of what you do and acquirements how to excel for the account of your students. Acceptable an agreeable and awful able drillmaster occurs if you adjudge that teaching acceptance is alone allotment of the acquirements process, and you plan to transform who you are and how you function, while alive and interacting with your students.

Dr. Bruce A. Johnson has adeptness in academy apprenticeship administration, developed education, ambit learning, online teaching, adroitness development, class development, advisory design, authoritative acquirements and development, career coaching, and resume writing.

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Quality Education Vs Accreditation

Education:

“The act or action of educating or getting educated; the adeptness or accomplishment acquired or developed by a acquirements process!”

Inquiries into furthering my educational aspirations were fabricated to assorted colleges aural my actual ecology area. Several of the schools contacted appropriate adjustment exams that I did not challenge, as I am accomplished and actual able of ambidextrous with academy examinations. The affair that got to me was the calumniating animadversion from some academy recruiters apropos their standards for apprenticeship as against to addition college. One of the schools that I’ve abounding is a two-year bulk academy while the added is as well. They authority absolute acreage in the above zip cipher and competed for acceptance in the above local. They both accomplished bounded acceptance as able-bodied as out of accompaniment and acceptance from added countries and nations.

One academy advised itself aloft to the added by acumen of accreditation. The academy that was declared as inferior did not acquire boilerplate states accreditation. The academy was declared as beneath accepted by the other. The alleged aloft academy is advance and operated by a non-HBCU amalgamation while the added happened to be advance and operated by an African American staff. The self-described aloft academy has fabricated plans, designs, and did bid for the active of the African American school. Albeit, the self-described aloft academy admits that it does not and will not acquire accreditation from the alleged inferior school. I acquire abounding both of these institutions and accustomed actual acceptable apprenticeship from its agents as well. While the acquaint abstruse were an invaluable antecedent of information, the apprenticeship that I accustomed from claimed bookish analysis (self-taught) has added my adeptness base. Money was not a agency in my claimed research, study, and/or practicum. I would add, the adeptness and advice that was acquired from the HBCU Academy accepted to be appropriately advantageous as the added if not better!

Personally, I would say that I accustomed added educational bulk at the HBCU (Historical Atramentous Colleges and Universities) as against to the added bookish institution. Albeit, they both appropriate money.

When acceptance appointment academy campuses they are encouraged to become a apprentice at that accurate school. The bout guides’ appearance all of the amenities and accolades that are offered in adjustment to get you enrolled…and to accretion your charge monies. But what about the superior of apprenticeship offered by the accurate schools? The majority of the colleges will about adduce their accreditation as compared to addition academy of choice. What has accreditation to do with a acceptable and admired superior education? Money! And the adeptness to accomplish money! Apprenticeship does not and should not crave money!

In 1899 Dr. Matthew Anderson, an outstanding association leader, and his wife Caroline Still Anderson founded Berean Manual and Industrial School. Dr. Anderson was a cardinal admission in the religious, business, and educational history of Philadelphia. Dr. Anderson aswell founded the Berean Presbyterian Church and the Berean Savings Fund Society.

Caroline Still is the babe of the abundant William Still, a Philadelphia Abolitionist and affiliate of the Underground Railroad.

Mr. William Still (a self-educated man), one of seventeen children, was built-in in Burlington County in 1821. His ancestor able bullwork from Maryland to New Jersey and after was followed by his wife and children. William Still larboard New Jersey for Philadelphia in 1844. Three years after he was appointed secretary of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society.

“When Brother William Still was 23, he larboard the ancestors acreage in New Jersey for Philadelphia, to seek his fortune. He arrived, abandoned with alone 5 dollars in his possession. Mr. Still accomplished himself to apprehend and write. In fact, so well, that in three years he was able to accretion and authority the position of secretary in the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. Brother Still provided the all-white association with his angle on how to aid avoiding slaves. After all, he had been one himself. He was such an asset to the group, that he was adopted administrator in 1851. Still captivated the position for the next ten years. He aswell became administrator of the Vigilance Committee in 1852. Still was the aboriginal atramentous man to accompany the association and was able to accommodate contiguous acquaintance of what it was like to be a slave.”

“Mr. Still accustomed a assisting atramentous business in Philadelphia. His abode was acclimated as one of the stations on the Underground Railroad. Brother Still interviewed able fugitives and kept accurate annal of anniversary so that their ancestors and accompany adeptness locate them. According to his records, Still helped 649 disciplinarian accept their freedom. The bulk is circuitous with the bulk of disciplinarian adored by Sister Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.”

“William Still, a self-educated man, began his attack to end ancestral bigotry on Philadelphia streetcars. He wrote an annual of this attack in Struggle for the Civil Rights of the Coloured Humans of Philadelphia in the City Railway Cars (1867). He followed this with The Underground Railroad (1872) and Voting and Laboring (1874).”

“William Still, a self-educated man, accustomed an abode for the accouchement of African-American soldiers and sailors. Added accommodating plan included the founding of a Mission Sabbath Academy and alive with the Young Men’s Christian Association. William Still died in Philadelphia on 14th July, 1902.”

The Concise History of Berean Institute:

“In 1904 Berean Institute of Philadelphia Pennsylvania able for accompaniment aid and accustomed a admission of $10,000. Over the years, accompaniment aid has enabled the academy to aggrandize its casework and alter its programs of study. Funds from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania now accommodate a cogent allocation of the absolute operating budget. Berean Institute boarded on a affairs of amplification beneath the activating administration of the backward Dr. William H. Gray, Jr., who activated the abutment of abounding affecting citizens of Pennsylvania including the aloft Governor Milton J. Shapp. Dr. Gray served as Administrator of the Berean Board of Trustees. Beneath Dr. Gray’s administration Berean Manual and Industrial Academy began operating as Berean Institute. He aswell had Berean Institute’s accepted architecture complete in 1973.”

“Mrs. Lucille P. Blondin, who served the academy for blaster years, became Berean Institute’s aboriginal President. Mrs. Blondin retired in June 1993. Dr. Norman K. Spencer was appointed to serve as the additional President and Chief Executive Officer. Beneath Dr. Spencer’s leadership, apprenticed programs adjourned by the City and Commonwealth agencies as able-bodied as association beat projects acquire been added. Hon. John Braxton, aloft Judge, Court of Common Pleas active a account of acclaimed Board of Trustees members.”

“Berean Institute enrolled acceptance in abounding and part-time programs. A lot of of the acceptance are association of the Commonwealth and reside in Philadelphia. Added acceptance acquire appear from Central and South America, China, India, Puerto Rico, Tonga, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Tanzania, the Dominican Republic, England, Cambodia, Viet Nam and states forth the eastern beach of the United States.”

“A bulk of acceptance appear to apprentice a bankable accomplishment and their Berean training fulfills their accepted educational aspirations. Abounding others attention the academy as a stepping-stone to added education. Berean has abounding graduates who acquire gone on to acquire four-year academy degrees and others who acquire completed alum studies at some of the area’s outstanding institutions of academy learning.”

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s Department of Apprenticeship accepted Berean Institute approval to accolade the Associate in Specialized Technology Bulk on September 15, 1976, and the Associate in Specialized Business Bulk on December 27, 1976.

Again, apprenticeship is:

“The act or action of imparting or accepting accepted knowledge, developing the admiral of acumen and judgment, and about of advancing oneself or others intellectually for complete life; the act or action of imparting or accepting accurate adeptness or skills, as for a profession; a degree, level, or affectionate of schooling: a university education; .the aftereffect produced by instruction, training, or study: to appearance one’s education; the science or art of teaching; pedagogics.”

A analogue of education: ‘The act or action of educating or getting educated; the adeptness or accomplishment acquired or developed by a acquirements process; a affairs of apprenticeship of a defined affectionate or level: disciplinarian education; a academy education; the acreage of abstraction that is anxious with the apprenticeship of teaching and learning; an adorning or candid experience:

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Based on the Random Abode Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2009

So why does addition academy bulk it’s accreditation over and aloft that of another? Money! Abounding colleges and universities bulk its’ educational ethics based on the bulk of money in its’ coffers as able-bodied as the bulk of money that they can amass! Addition apparatus to admission ahead in the apprenticeship business is to attain and advance accreditation and as abounding acquisitions as possible.

Several opinions advance apprenticeship accomplished through these venues is advised to adapt people/students for the job bazaar as against to getting able for activity skills. The abilities appropriate to backpack ones breed and their birth that chase into affluent futures.

Is it fair to appraise the adeptness of a bookish academy aloft any added based on the bulk of money that is bare to be spent or the bulk of apprenticeship that is achieved? Ivy alliance institutions about-face out abounding acceptance who are not able for the challenges of life…but abounding of them are affluent and acquire spent bags of dollars to appear those schools as able-bodied as admission from them. On the added hand, abounding poor humans that are advantageous abundant to authorize for grants, loans, scholarships, etc., are bigger able to face the challenges set afore them (so it seems).

Many poor and alive poor acceptance assume to bulk the bookish akin apprenticeship as if their activity depended aloft it, so they tend to plan a bit harder to accomplish the bulk status. The certificate can be accounted abandoned if the alum cannot acquisition the adapted job for which he/she has studied. It is even worse if the accelerating apprentice finds that they are worse off than if they started college. They are now abounding with academy accommodation debt additional the debts that they acquire had to accommodated afore accessory college. Alive at McDonalds and the like, assume to be the alone job that is accessible for abounding of them. The antagonism is fierce. These acceptance are for the a lot of part, aggregate in with abounding applicants that are not academy accomplished and abounding do not acquire top academy diplomas as well! The adeptness accomplished is not advised or activated by abounding of these employers. Kiosk blazon pictures on a cash-register computer is what they acquire to plan with. Is this not calumniating to a apprentice who has advised computer science, apprehend and address computer programs and its languages, as able-bodied as added academics of study?

Why is it that abounding non-ivy alliance acceptance acquisition themselves out of work? Why is it that abounding of them acquisition that they are the aboriginal to lose their application positions compared to their ivy-league colleagues? Why is it that abounding burghal academy accomplished graduates acquisition themselves beneath acceptable to be called as team-leaders than their adverse allotment ivy-leaguers? Abounding administration acquaint their openings with statements that don’t crave a academy akin education. They ask that candidates artlessly acquire a top academy akin education. Academy accomplished candidates administer to those openings and acquisition themselves scrutinized out of the running, i.e., accomplishments checks, acclaim checks, bent histories, ancestry activities, etc. Why is it academy accomplished candidates acquisition that not alone do they acquire to attempt with ivy-leaguers, they acquire to attempt with top academy accomplished association as well. What is the faculty in constant hours, years, and added sacrifices to attain the coveted two and/or four-year academy akin bulk if you’re not traveling to authorize for the job anyway?

The angle of accreditation, money, and notable adeptness should not be the base of allotment the bookish avenue to education. Apprenticeship should be based on ones adeptness to achieve, retain, and advance education. The accomplishment of apprenticeship begins in the home (as able-bodied as anyone who desires it). It begins with the Childs’ accomplishments and the fatigued accent placed by the ancestor and/or guardian. Should the adolescent be awful bookish in abilities that accredit him/her to be declared as intellectually accomplished aloft average, that apprentice deserves chargeless academy education. While the blow of us who are bookish actual may able-bodied acquire to pay for our academy education. Mind you, my altercation is based on the adeptness to admission apprenticeship after accepting to absorb money…teachers charge to acquire a living, schools charge to pay the costs of operating and advancement barrio and staff. So the money has to appear from somewhere. Albeit, the above disparages amid altered colleges should cease the convenance of who’s a bigger academy of academy learning. Is it the albatross of accomplished humans to acquaint humans who are not?

While abounding may not be aware, apprenticeship is accessible after accessory alleged accepted and/or beneath accepted schools, of academy learning…start with the libraries in your homes as able-bodied as the accessible facilities, account papers, magazines, aggregate information, and articles. Why is the apprenticeship accomplished by others kept to a akin of clandestineness that one should acquire to pay for it?

Attained and acquired apprenticeship is the albatross of the educational pursuer…the accountability is placed alone on the apprentice not the educational pursued. I’m not advocating that one can become a doctor, architect, or a advocate by artlessly account text…there is a aberration amid apprenticeship and training.

Education is castigation to accomplish and it can be free.

Acknowledgements:

Dictionary.com

Biography of William Still

Biography of the Berean Institute

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Going Beyond My Tai Chi and Wing Chun Limitations

The Search

About two years ago I began alive with Guided Anarchy 7th Bulk Master, Lt. Col. Al Ridenhour.

I had been analytic for a aggressive art that annoyed two analytical belief for me:

1) it was ‘real’ in the faculty that it would be activity ‘street’ effective, not based on sport, exercise or affective meditation,

2) it would acquiesce me to advance above my abilities as a aggressive boxer and the aggressive arts training I had amorphous at the age of 11, over 40 years before.

I’d add in one added thing: it had to be “doable” by a 53 year old man, and not abased aloft incredible, world-class accustomed talent, gymnastic athleticism, super-human backbone or yield 5 years afore I could apprehend abundant accomplishment to use it should the time come.

With this belief in apperception I began analytic every affirmation to “combat-ready aggressive arts training” and the abutting affair I activate afore advancing above Guided Anarchy was abutting abode activity training that I had appear above afore if training with the U.S. Army Rangers. It was effective, but it isn’t admirable or elegant… added about that in a moment.

The added affair that admiring me was Wing Chun Kung Fu, and abnormally their “trapping hands” techniques, and their adeptness to activity with the absolute physique in acutely artistically artistic ways. I had amorphous “playing” with some of the Tai Chi getting a few years before, alive with a adept who specialized in the aggressive aspects of Tai Chi and it was impressive, but would crave at atomic a brace of decades to accomplish the accomplishment that I intended. Again I met an avant-garde Wing Chun stylist and he was even added impressive, abounding with just about annihilation I could appear up with, and accept me I approved to appear up with some agrarian stuff! I threw aggregate at him, harder beeline attacks, duke and feet… ambiguous annular feints and aberrant angular approaches… grappling moves… but, he handled them all. If I saw a blemish in his address it was that afterwards a few times I could activate to advanced what he was acceptable to do, artifice abundant to abet a acknowledgment and again adverse afore he could recover, but in all bluntness that was rare. However, I anticipation that with added time I would become accomplished in adopting added of his accomplishment and maybe even accepting about it with all the added training I had.

So I activate a bounded Wing Chun adviser who specialized in the Ving Tsun style. I formed with him for a brace of months in abandoned one-to-one training and there was some absorbing getting there for sure. His duke abilities were impressive, he had abundant timing and break accomplishment as well, and he was accessible to modifying annihilation in favor of what worked. The abandoned check I had was that aggregate started with choreography like about every added aggressive art I’d encountered up to that point. So a actual ample allocation of the training was based on drills application accurately abiding movements with defined adverse movements to use in response. These were both admirable and affected drills however. They minimized movement, they were efficient, they flowed with the accustomed alignment of the physique and in acknowledgment the attributes of the advance getting presented. There was a balladry in the stylization in this training and it was aesthetically ambrosial in that it annoyed my congenital admiration to move in a accurate way that just fabricated faculty in agreement of how to acknowledge to the attacks that were presented and my physique was acquirements rapidly. But, the actual stylization of the training aloft some flags for me. I already knew from activity on the streets and time as a attendant in clubs about the U.S. that fights are annihilation but stylized.

Freedom of Movement = Abandon of Mind

Then as I connected to seek I came above Guided Anarchy and accomplished out to Adept Al Ridenhour to align some clandestine training with him as offered. From the aboriginal affair it was bright that something altered was traveling on there. Instead of ritualized drills of movement, or arresting and blocking, Adept Al confused my physique to admission it’s ambit of movement and responsiveness. I beggarly he in actuality molded and alloyed my physique in means that acquainted abnormal but at the aforementioned time actual natural. I could acquaint he was aggravating to accompanying admission my responsiveness, adaptability and what I’d alarm circularity, the accustomed way that the animal physique moves about it’s joints. Afterwards a few annual of auspicious me to move while actual in the aforementioned atom by applying a ablaze but charge draft to my shoulders, hips, waist, chest, arms… he began affective added so I had to extend my physique forward, astern or ancillary to ancillary to abide in acquaintance with what he was doing. Again, afterwards a few added annual of accomplishing this he confused physically out of ambit so I had to footfall to acclimatize and accumulate up. He adapted my movement emphasizing two things, aspersing my movement to abandoned what was all-important and no more. And, secondarily, befitting my physique organized in affiliation to both itself and to what he was doing, with an accent on application my physique in the a lot of structurally admirable way possible, e.g.: not bridge my anxiety or legs and thereby aspersing my stability. I afterwards abstruse there were drills for convalescent all these accustomed means of affective and application the physique in the Guided Anarchy system, but I had never afore had anyone so alluringly or bound advance my physique movement as a aggressive artist.

When I began battle with Al it was accession abolitionist admission I had not encountered, but was in some means evocative of both what I accomplished in accomplishing Tai Chi advance calmly and Wing Chun accoutrement drills, and yet somehow marvelously altered in it’s freedom… and yes, adorableness and elegance. One of the things I’ve abstruse as a specialist in actual training, i.e.: the use of the physique and movement, is that absolute animal physique use and movement is admirable and elegant. The added finer we move the added able the movement is, and the added accustomed to the way the physique is advised by nature. This is aswell accurate in aggressive arts, or for that bulk any able-bodied endeavor or concrete action.

Elegant, Effective, Efficient

Minimizing or eliminating accidental or accidental movement consistently improves performance. The best coaches and trainers in the apple seek to actualize the a lot of efficient, able and affected movements in their charges, and ultimately if movement is performed at the accomplished levels it becomes admirable in an artful sense. In the aggressive arts, behindhand of whether we’re analytic at a apple chic pro boxer or a apple best MMA fighter, their movements accept a faculty of balladry to them. At the acute we may acquisition ourselves communicable our animation and apprehensive how it could be accessible that anyone could move so alluringly in such a barbarous and potentially alarming encounter, while accompanying acumen it is that actual breeding that makes them so effective. Every able-bodied choreographed activity arena in a blur takes this into account, and the best activity choreographers use the inherent attributes of animal movement to accomplish their scenes both believable and beautiful. In actuality the added admirable the arena the added believable it will generally be, because our congenital faculty of how movement happens is tracking for the argumentation in the action, and we attending for breeding in the anatomy of adeptness and capability at a pre-conscious akin in free if what we’re seeing is accurate to form.

What was accident in my aboriginal affair with Al was a ‘re-shaping’ of how I was cerebration about application my physique in a aggressive way. We confused from the antecedent movements advised to adapt my physique for what would appear next to what Al referred to as “combat flow.” This is a different Guided Anarchy convenance area the practitioners activate affective while actual in acquaintance with one another, agnate from the alfresco analytic in like Tai Chi advance hands. It generally begins with accoutrements extended, authoritative antecedent acquaintance and again ‘flows’ into whatever patterns happen, with anniversary actor gluttonous to acquisition an aperture to strike, while accompanying alienated getting struck. I abstruse from Al that one of the above credo of Guided Anarchy is “becoming certain while getting unavailable.” The association in Guided Anarchy yield this in actuality and to an extreme. As I’ve abstruse over and over in training with Al, some of the added Guided Anarchy masters and top baronial belts, and afterwards on from Grandmaster John Perkins, that they are absolutely in actuality certain – hitting me at will, when, area and how they like, while actual bare themselves. Behindhand of what I try to do to bang them they are a lot of generally just not there, or they are there in a way to blot whatever I do in such a way that it draws me added into their arresting pattern… authoritative things abundant worse for me.

Unavailable, Unavoidable

It’s the superior of movement that a lot of admiring me and kept me in the apple of Guided Chaos. These folks, abnormally Adept Al, Matt or Michael (other Guided Anarchy Masters I’ve formed with so far) and Grandmaster John Perkins artlessly move as no one abroad I’ve anytime encountered does. They physique their maxim, “Being bare and unavoidable” to an abundantly aesthetic degree. One of the aboriginal and foremost things I accustomed as a somatics able is that their movement is abundantly economical, i.e.: they in actuality move actual little or at atomic as little as accessible to accomplish what they set out to do. This abridgement of movement is a austere assurance of aristocratic performance, so appropriate there I was hooked. One archetype is that they never “chamber” their strikes, thereby eliminating any telegraphing of signaling that the bang is about to happen. The added advantage of not chambering the bang is that it can, and generally does, in actuality appear from any administration and from any position they acquisition themselves in if they chose to strike. Yet, one of the a lot of absorbing things about the movement of Guided Anarchy Masters is the way they blot about absolute physique acclimatization to themselves and their attackers at all times, so the strikes they use are structurally well-formed, acceptation they are able and effective.

Working with Grandmaster Perkins it’s absurd not to be afflicted to the point of getting afflicted at how able his strikes are behindhand of the specific strike, the position from which it is thrown, or the ambit the bang travels. In alive with him he’s befuddled a abbreviate bang traveling no added than an inch or so, from what looked like an absurd position area he’s accompanying casting his larboard hip and accept advanced while befitting his weight added to his rear appropriate foot, rolling his appropriate arm about and over his accept and accomplishing what looks like bottomward his duke an inch to the larboard ancillary of my chest. The appulse is austere and impressive! Fortunately for me one of the abilities in Guided Anarchy is acquirements to become loose, or what Adept Al generally prefers to accredit to as ‘pliable’, acceptation to blot the bang by affective the physique with it in the administration of it’s force, and thereby aspersing the force of impact. The Masters generally appeal acceptance to “get loose”- acceptation they wish us to breeze with the bang and antithesis bound afterwards experiencing the accident the bang would contrarily cause. Imagine as Grandmaster Perkins threw the bang I declared into my larboard chest muscle, I rotated my larboard accept advanced in time with the bang creating a abridged in my chest that added the abyss and ambit from the apparent from area it had been a moment before. This would advanced me from demography the absolute force of the draft and abbreviate the appulse and abeyant accident the bang was advised to create. Even application this absorbing accomplishment accomplished into me in hours and hours of alive with the Masters and practicing on my own, I could still feel the force of Grandmaster Perkins strike, and yet it was not disabling as it could accept been had I not flowed and pocketed with it. Of advance I aswell knew that allotment of Grandmaster Perkins’ absurd accomplishment was to authority the draft so that in actuality it did not do the accident it could administer had he advised to attenuate me. For what it’s worth, there is no agnosticism in my apperception accepting “flowed” with John abounding times now that behindhand of my akin of accomplishment in the art of Guided Chaos, if he chooses to he could accept torn basic in my accept and chest afterwards any adeptness on my allotment to advanced it. That is the absorbing allotment of this art to me, both the accomplishment of getting able to adjure that abundant accident at will, and yet the breeding appropriate to time the movement altogether to accomplish the point in training me and yet leave me absolutely absolute afterwards the fact.

“No One Moves Like these Association Do”

Whether I’m alive with Grandmaster Perkins, Adept Al or one of the added Masters or top baronial acceptance the acquaintance is the same. No one moves like these association do. I’ve spent added than two decades of my activity belief and applying the art of cerebral science with the art of movement, i.e.: somatics, to the advance of performance… both cerebral and concrete performance, and abnormally the abode area they intersect. The audience I plan with in my convenance charge to be able to act and acknowledge anon to accomplish the levels of achievement they intend if they appoint me. This akin of aristocratic achievement is abandoned accessible by honing the affiliation of the apperception and physique at acute levels of refinement. It requires a akin of physique self-awareness I’ve mostly apparent abandoned in world-class athletes and aristocratic performers who depend on their adeptness to apperceive area they physique is in amplitude and how they are application it like the best actors and actresses, as able-bodied as the best craftsmen and artisans. In accession there is the affiliation of apperception to be able to attune your affecting accompaniment such as affective to and actual calm admitting anarchy in the situation, ambience or environment. I’ve apparent this adeptness in achievement in some of the aristocratic aggressive agents I’ve formed with, in surgeons in the operating theater, in some firefighters and law administration professionals in activity and in some admiral in top accent controlling scenarios. From my plan as a cerebral scientist specializing in controlling in high-stress, ambiguous and anarchic contexts I apperceive that aristocratic achievement in these scenarios requires an affiliation of apperception and physique actual few every achieve, and even beneath still can admission above the scenarios area they are accomplished to admission this affectionate of response. For archetype a able amateur adeptness be able to accumulate their air-conditioned and accomplish at about all-powerful levels in the ring, on the course, or on the field, but will lose it if their table isn’t accessible at the restaurant if they appearance up for their reservation, or if their apron or adolescent makes an ad-lib appeal of them at home.

What actual few people, above the association who specialize in training aristocratic performers accept is that the body-mind is one system, a singularity. You can never alternation one afterwards training the other. In actuality the a lot of accepted analysis credibility to the actuality that abundant of what we accredit to as ‘emotion’ abnormally ‘emotional management’ or the adeptness to accept one’s accompaniment and responses on an affecting akin is apprenticed somatically, or through the use of one’s body. The abandon you accept to accept what you can do with your physique shows up in the abandon you accept to accept how you’re active the blow of you too, including your apperception and emotions. Aggregate begins with what you are able to perceive, apprehension and pay absorption to situationally, or what we can alarm situational awareness. Your adeptness to affix your intentions and your accomplishments is ashore in your adeptness to accept what you apprehension and pay absorption to and how you do that, what you accomplish of what you apprehension or pay absorption to, what decisions you accomplish about what to do in affiliation to what’s accident or what you wish to happen, and the adeptness to yield activity based on those decisions. The added accurately you can admission what’s happening, accomplish faculty of it, accomplish decisions in affiliation to it, and yield activity that creates the outcomes you intend, the bigger your achievement will be… it’s just that simple or not, and in actuality that is the aspect of all aristocratic performance.

Real Training for the Unpredictability of Real Violence

The art of Guided Anarchy is based in bond the alternation from situational acquaintance through to advised action. The claiming is that in activity or artery angry the activity is non-linear in that one affair does not neatly chase accession in some assigned order. The absoluteness of the artery is that what is a lot of anticipated is that the activity will be unpredictable. The adeptness to acknowledge to ambiguity and anarchy comes with practicing in ambiguous and anarchic ways, or in what are non-linear systems. Of advance this requires a non-linear anatomy of teaching or training as well, one that is based in perturbations, or abrupt changes to the breeze in the system. There is no one who does this added finer than the Masters I’ve accomplished with in the Guided Anarchy system. In actuality I’d say that they are experts in non-linear movement arch to advised activity in combat. The ultimate aftereffect of this way of affective is that they assume to be able to advanced the breeze of the anarchy of activity to ‘appear’ at the approaching point area the activity arrives to area they are waiting. I now apperceive there are at atomic two apparatus to this appearing magic. Aboriginal they are able to apprehend the breeze in the banned of animal movement as there are absolutes in what the animal physique can do physically, e.g.; we can circle our amateur advanced and back, and to a actual bound bulk extend them out to the side, but we can hyper-extend our elbows or knees afterwards abiding damage. Secondly, they are able to augment into the arrangement actual attenuate signals that force a acknowledgment to set up breeze of movement to area they intend to absolute it, and again dispatch advanced of area it’s traveling be there if the accustomed movement appropriate arrives. All of this is based on a different aggregate of sensitivity, physique atrocity or pliability, antithesis and structural alignment in aggregate with a accuracy of apperception that both anticipates what is accessible afterwards acceptable anchored on things accident in a accurate agreed manner. In fact, an capital superior of Guided Anarchy is the adeptness to set abreast preconceptions of movement to acquiesce an appearing anatomy to appear based on what’s in actuality accident to the acute banned of what is possible. It’s this endure quality, acceptance a anatomy to appear from the acute banned of what’s possible, that makes Guided Anarchy so different and potent. If you atomic apprehend it a Adept will do something that seems absurd just afore they authenticate it, authoritative the absurd accessible in the aisle of affirmation larboard abaft in the deathwatch of their actions. However, in alive with Grandmaster Perkins I accept to accept I am generally baffled at what seems to be both elementary to him to perform, and yet baffling to me behindhand of the accomplishment I put in to analytic what he’s just done afore my actual eyes. Artlessly put, no one I’ve anytime apparent or formed with moves like these guys do… and yet afterwards just a brace of years I acquisition myself affective in means I’d never anticipation about, let abandoned apperception I’d be accomplishing as calmly and by itself as adopting a angle to my aperture to augment myself.

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Ten Reasons To Give Religion/God The Thumbs Down

Of all the abstract Big Questions, the one of greatest interest, the one that has agitated the a lot of blood; active the minds of a lot of of us at some time or other; abounding absolute above libraries with books top to bottom; active hundreds of bags of people; aggressive abundant works of art is that surrounding the absoluteness of the branch of the supernatural, religion/theology, and the actuality of a angelic or deities and their interactions and relationships with us simple bodies – if any. However, there are acceptable affidavit to canal these concepts as accepting any affiliation with reality.

Before I’m asked what my ambition or purpose or motive is here, I’ll just accompaniment that in general, the primary ambition or purpose or motive of anyone putting their thoughts and abstract worldview(s) into the accessible amphitheatre is just that – putting their thoughts out there in the accessible amphitheatre for all to appearance or read; accede with or disagree with. That’s it. Full stop. If you end up authoritative a blade or two, so abundant the better, but that’s not the case here.

One: Over bags of years there acquire been bags of religions and theologies and collectively billions of believers, anniversary accepter assertive in the accuracy of his or her authentic apostolic or religious brand. They can’t all be right, but they can all be wrong. All authentic believers aural their own cast of adoration are atheists with account to all added brands of religion. Authentic atheists just go in every case just one adoration further.

Two: Even the a lot of biased of the accepted crop of arresting Christian authentic believers* would acquire articulate the aforementioned biased tune had they been born, raised, and indoctrinated into a altered religious association and apostolic culture. That is, if they by blow had been the artefact of a altered abode and time that didn’t acquire Christianity as their in-your-face religion. One rather absorbing point is that in the majority of cases the accouchement of religious parents will added acceptable as not, as adults, acquire and convenance that aforementioned religious acceptance arrangement even admitting there are dozens to aces and acquire from. I acquire the accordant chat actuality is conduct – or maybe brainwashing.

Three: The origins of religion(s) owes annihilation to the absolute absoluteness of a angelic or deities but rather to the mentally acquired abstraction appropriately mentally invented abstraction of bureau and agents. If annihilation aberrant happened – multi-thousands of years ago – the abundant army and benighted anticipation it acquire to be due to the will of anyone or something they couldn’t see or contrarily detect. If our aged ancestors couldn’t amount out who or what that bureau or agent(s) in actuality was; couldn’t amount out a reason(s) for how or why something unnatural, awe-inspiring or aberrant happened (and that was appealing abundant everything), they had to ad-lib an bureau or agent(s) that fabricated it so. If what happened was good, it was acquired by a acceptable abettor or a blessed abettor or a pleased/pleasant agent. If it was a bad affair it acquire to acquire been acquired by a bad agent, a antagonistic abettor and black agent, one who was not admiring and not affable and all-embracing just credible pissed off. Aback the bureau or abettor was above the accustomed contest of their apple and carnal experiences, they (the agency) acquire to be abnormal (and invisible) agents.

Of advance in this avant-garde day and age it’s rational not to acquire in a abnormal angelic (i.e. – God) or deities because annihilation anytime unnatural, awe-inspiring or aberrant anytime happens to you. Science has appealing abundant taken what acclimated to be aberrant and fabricated it ho-hum. Every day in every way you go through your circadian accepted and annihilation even vaguely abnormal anytime happens that can abandoned be attributed to a abnormal deity, like God. Further, no one abroad you apperceive anon adventures God (apart from a few acute religious fundamentalists – see account beneath of the acceptable suspects – who affirmation God talks to them on a approved base and gives them tips or rather and added generally than not warnings of His approaching wrath). There’s no circadian account belief about bodies experiencing God, etc. or advertisement supernatural/miraculous events. All’s that in abundant the aforementioned way that there are no circadian observations and letters and account belief about aerial pigs, blush elephants, little blooming men, fairies inhabiting gardens, aureate pots at rainbows end and of advance godly activities and appearances. If you don’t see dragons and unicorns every day in person, or as accompanying to you by others, or on the nightly account it’s not hasty that these critters aren’t allotment of your worldview, clashing accustomed pigs and elephants.

The additional acumen for inventing a abnormal angelic is that afterlife is something natural, yet something that we would like to avoid. Aback that’s not possible, the next best advantage is an afterlife – an ‘eternal’ afterlife. However, aback we cannot abide that appearance change all on our own, we charge a abnormal abettor to advice us accomplish that appearance transition. So it should appear as no abruptness that the afterlife is one of the above tenants of abounding religions, yet the abstraction has to be flawed.

Firstly, aback your body/brain goes boilerplate column your demise, you’d charge to authenticate absolute mind/body duality – an immaterial something that’s allotment of you (i.e. – soul, essence, spirit, personality, whatever) that still exists (if it can be said that something immaterial or non-physical in actuality has existence) column your kickin’ the bucket. Considering that you weren’t conceived with annihilation non-physical, you’d charge to explain area in actuality your non-physicality $.25 came from. Further, all immaterial or non-physical concepts abandoned can appear into absolute ‘existence’ if carefully anticipation about or subconsciously stored in memory. Both anticipation and anamnesis are actually concrete processes.

But there are two added problems. The aboriginal is that ‘eternal’ bit. An abiding afterlife sounds nice until you apprehend you’d outlive the Heat Afterlife of the Universe, trillions of years hence. If you get apathetic on a weekend afternoon, brainstorm trillions aloft trillions of them. The catechism is, how can you ample in that time after traveling stir-crazy with apathy hundreds of times worse than annihilation you’ve anytime accomplished before?

The additional botheration is added significant. Aback that you that is you changes from day-to-day, which adaptation of you is that you that gets the afterlife? Changes in you are not just concrete in that old beef die, new beef form; atoms come, atoms go; you put on weight, you lose weight; you change hairstyles or abound a beard; you age (gracefully or otherwise); your bloom and exercise changes as well, usually traveling steadily downhill. Changes are aswell credible in your absolute aspect which alters over time too in agreement of memories and ability acquired and forgotten; brand and dislikes ditto. So that you at your afterlife could be just a anemic absorption of that you in your prime. But your prime isn’t the acute prime if it comes to all of the facets that accomplish you, the you account this appropriate now, you. Your bloom or exercise could be bigger or worse tomorrow. Your interests altered tomorrow. Your new adventures now added on to what came before; or maybe forgotten. However, you could altercate that God could disclose you in such a appearance as to amalgamate all of the assorted acute primes you had at assorted ages into a new and bigger adaptation of you. But what about the baby/infant who hasn’t accomplished any absolute prime $.25 yet. All their prime $.25 are abstract and just abeyant approaching ones. But if the babyish dies they had no knowledge, no absolute experiences, no memories, and no absolute exercise (physical or mental). What affectionate of abiding afterlife could that babyish have, or does an all-knowing God just disclose the babyish alive what affectionate of acute primes it would acquire had? Does that actually even accomplish any sense? That array of negates any chargeless will that babyish would acquire had!

The moral of this little articulation is to accomplish the fullest use of this go-round that you can for already it’s done, it’s done. That’s it. As Yogi Berra already observed, “it ain’t over till it’s over”, but already it’s over, it’s over! So “do not go acclaim into that acceptable night. Rage, acerbity adjoin the dying of the light.”

Four: You cannot ad-lib a abstract abstraction of a angelic (i.e. – God) out of brainy abstractions and gymnastics and by anticipation abandoned and apprehend this (your) Maximally Greatest Getting to again all of a abrupt appear into or acquire had (and have) absolute existence. A thousand bodies will ad-lib a thousand altered versions of a Maximally Greatest Being(s), none of which would resemble the God of the Old Testament by the way, and not all of them could appropriately abide as no agnosticism adverse versions would be mentally conceived of. In any event, the accessible accuracy is just because you can brainstorm something doesn’t accord that something actuality in reality.

Five: There is no afar absolute evidence, far beneath proof, that God or any added angelic or deities in actuality abide or existed. If there were, the accomplished affair would be moot. There would be no debate. All it would yield to argue religious sceptics (i.e. – atheists) that the abnormal (i.e. – religion/theology and associated deities) existed would be for one absolute phenomenon to happen. If they allegedly happened in the accomplished (like the Sun and Moon continuing still), why not now? Miracles, like the Additional Coming, assume to be a no show. But speaking of that angelic accident area the Sun and Moon stood still in the sky, if that had REALLY happened, that accident would acquire been appreciable wherever the Sun and Moon had been arresting in the daytime sky; that is throughout bisected the world. Had that been the case the accident would acquire been so apparent as to acquire been recorded in abundant texts from all address of added civilizations, societies, or cultures. That getting the case, Biblical advisers would acquire been agreeable from the rooftops “see, we told you so”. Alas, no such rooftop agreeable has been noted. Further, that Biblical Sun/Moon accident abandoned introduces the aspect of authentic fiction into a Biblical text. No sane getting in their appropriate apperception could candidly acquire that angelic nonsense.

Six: Aback something can’t arise from nothing, and aback every could could could cause acquire to in about-face acquire had a antecedent cause, there could not acquire been a Conception (out of nothing) and there could not acquire been a Aboriginal Cause. There could not acquire been a Conception aback something acquire to acquire consistently existed, and no Aboriginal Could could could cause aback any Aboriginal Could could could cause would crave a antecedent could could could cause that acquired the affected ‘First’ Cause. Therefore, there is no charge for a Architect angelic (i.e. – God). Indeed, conception (of life, the Universe and aggregate – like consciousness) avalanche aural the branch of accepted authentic analysis and appropriately creationism and all accounts of a religious/theological article accomplishing acts of conception are fair bold for science to tackle. Further, if God explains life, the Universe and aggregate (apart from God aback not even God can actualize Himself), again actually acutely there arises the charge to explain the creation/origin of God, and His architect in turn, and so on down the line. It’s an absolute regression.

Seven: Again there’s the Bible! You are a commonly accomplished getting in any one of the nominally Christian nations but who is actually apprenticed of the Bible. After accepting any above-mentioned ability or bent you now apprehend the Bible cover-to-cover as you would any added book. What would you anticipate of it? Ability you achieve that abounding of the contest therein were so cool as to be agitated fiction? I anticipate that’s what I’d conclude.

(A) Abounding of the contest in the Bible and all address of associated religious (and mythological) texts are contradictory, baffle accepted faculty and accepted knowledge, are casuistic in the extreme, are actually amiss (in ablaze of new information) and scientifically doubtful if not absolute impossible. (B) Further, there is no absolute and absolute absolute and/or archaeological affirmation that any of the above players (i.e. – Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Joshua, Solomon, Jonah, Lot, Job, Ezekiel, Daniel, etc.) and contest (i.e. – Sodom and Gomorrah, Battle of Jericho, the Exodus) and even places (i.e. – the Garden of Eden) even existed or happened. (C) Further, there is not one individual chat in the Bible that can be relied on to in actuality be an authentic absorption of absoluteness aback no person(s) has/have been articular as getting a Johnny-on-the-spot book or account secretary (and band recorders didn’t abide aback then). (D) Again there are multi-versions in multi-translations of the Bible which was cobbled calm with lots of $.25 and pieces larboard in or larboard out (sometimes both at differing times) according to the whim of the experts of the day. So abundant for one unified Holy Chat of God. (E) In about all of the western affable societies the Bible is NOT a acknowledged document, the Ten Commandments notwithstanding. Abandoned three of the Ten Commandments tend to acquire any absolute acknowledged appliance aural the acknowledged framework of about all such acknowledged frameworks. Those three tend to be restrictions on murder, annexation and apocryphal witness. The one about annihilation shows God to be a two-faced, do-as-I-say-not-as-I-do, double-standard address actor aback God Himself has added claret on His easily than you’ll acquisition in all of the bucketful’s begin in all of the gory, clear beat movies put calm – and again some. The aboriginal three, even four Commandments just appearance God as getting an arrogant bedlamite who is, in all honesty, really, really, actually up Himself. (F) God is allegedly omni-present yet the Bible relates none of God’s adventures anywhere abroad afar from the Near East aural a almost attenuated time interval. Something is aberrant somewhere!

So in cessation to this section, the Bible is no added an absolute certificate about the Near East two to three thousand years ago than “Gone with the Wind” is an absolute certificate about the American Civil War or that the James Bond books/films accurately portray the absolute apple of espionage and related.

Eight: Christian holidays acquire all the argumentation of a boxlike circle. The two capital ones are Easter and Christmas. Easter is antic because the dating of Easter from year to year is a action of the phases of the Moon. If you’re traveling to commutate a date, commutate the date already, not acquire it aberrate all over a brace of months. Christmas is appropriately antic aback cipher has a clue if Jesus was built-in (assuming Jesus was an absolute absolute appearance to which I’m blessed to accord the account of the doubt). So, aces a date, any date. If you aces December 25th, you acquire a 1 in 365.25 adventitious of getting right! Those are not acceptable allowance to yield with you to Las Vegas. What in actuality happened was that Christianity hijacked that time from the pagans who acclimated it to bless the Winter Solstice and the acknowledgment of addition days. Rather than action city-limits anteroom it was easier to affirmation the date as their own. Christmas has absolutely, afar from that 1 in 365.25 chance, annihilation to do with Christianity. Blessed holidays!

Nine: Morals/ethics do not axis from religious texts but religious authentic believers acquire the adroitness of animal chastity and accredit that affection to the article of their authentic religious texts. It’s putting the barrow afore the horse. Even some of the college animals can appearance moral/ethical behavior and they aren’t into the article of assorted religious texts. In any event, the Old Testament and the Koran are hardly arbiter examples in chastity and ethics. There are acutely acceptable bodies (many religious) who do acceptable things and bad bodies (some religious) who do bad things but as been oft said, it takes adoration to get acceptable bodies to do bad things – cartel one acknowledgment Northern Ireland as an accessible contempo (one of many) example. As far as the morals/ethics of atheists are concerned, atheists acquire never austere anyone at the stake. Atheists acquire never benumbed anyone to death. Atheists acquire never aureate planes into barrio or been suicide bombers. Atheists didn’t participate in the Crusades. On the added hand, authentic believers able-bodied and absolutely like to discharge claret as one can ascertain from account or watching the circadian news. All up, atheists are way added advanced of authentic believers than authentic believers acquire been and are advanced of atheists or of added but abnormally absorbed authentic believers.

Ten: Lastly, we acquire the altercation from accustomed (“Acts of God”) evil. While animal evil, angry committed by bodies ability be attributed to chargeless will that has been a allowance accepted to altruism by God, that aforementioned God aswell allows His subjects, His creation, to be killed, bedridden and contrarily subjected to accustomed evils (otherwise accepted as “Acts of God”) like catholic angry (meteor impacts); atmospheric angry (tornadoes); abyssal angry (tsunamis); geologic angry (earthquakes) and biological angry (from bluff attacks to cancers) is theologically untenable. If God can’t anticipate “Acts of God”, again God is not omnipotent. If God refuses to anticipate “Acts of God”, again God is not all-loving or benevolent. If “Acts of God” are advised “Acts of God” again God has committed yet added crimes adjoin humanity, abacus to an already continued Biblical list. One needs to ask for example, what did the victims of the Titanic sinking, the a lot of acclaimed of all amphibian disasters, do in the eyes of God to deserve their fate? Even if they had all sinned (even the little children?) their sins weren’t all according (and no worse than those saved) and in any accident did their abuse fit the crime? By the way, as an aside, God can’t be almighty aback He can’t accomplish suicide!

Bonus Eleven: Here’s an absorbing abstraction I best up on from philosopher A. C. Grayling. What’s in a name? God (the word) has so abundant emotional, apostolic and religious connotations, not to acknowledgment abstract accoutrements associated with it, that to get a detached, aloof and all-embracing added aloof perspective, one should just acting the chat “God” for something like Tom, Dick or Harry (or even Fred) and you’ll see the accomplished apostolic balloon burst. Try for archetype “In the alpha if Sam created the blast and the earth”. That array of puts you in aloof apostolic territory, and what’s in a name anyway? A rose by any added name applies, but if it does, all of a abrupt it (i.e. – God) loses its contrarily cogent punch.

So already you admit, even if abandoned to yourself, that God (or any added angelic or deities) do not exist, you anon chargeless yourself from so abundant absurd ritual and superstition – time, effort, activity and even money that can be adherent to added advantageous pursuits.

* For example: Michele Bachmann, Jim Bakker, David Barton, Glenn Beck, Rafael Cruz, Ted Cruz, Kim Davis, Bryan Fischer, Franklin Graham (son of Billy Graham), John Hagee, Linda Harvey, Mike Huckabee, Cindy Jacobs, Gordon Klingenschmitt, Anne Graham Lotz (daughter of Billy Graham), Roy Moore, Sarah Palin, Sandy Rios, Pat Robertson, Phil Robertson, Rick Santorum, Theodore Shoebat, Mat Staver, Kevin Swanson, and oh so many, abounding more.

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